TIN NHÂN QUẢ - TẠO PHƯỚC ĐỨC - SỐNG CHÂN THƯỜNG
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have I heard.
the Buddha resided in the kingdom of Sravasti,among
the Jetavana trees in the garden of Anathapindika.
The Great Mu-chien-lien began to obtain the six
penetrations. Desiring to save his parents to repay
the kindness they had shown him in nursing and
feeding him, he used his divine eye to observethe
saw his departed mother reborn among the hungry
ghosts: she never saw food or drink, and her skin
hung off her bones.
Mu-lien took pity, filled his bowl with rice, and
sent it to his mother as an offering. When his
mother received the bowl of rice, she used her left
hand to guard the bowl and her right hand to gather
up the rice, but before the food entered her mouth
it changed into flaming coals, so in the end she
could not eat.
cried out in grief and wept tears. He rushed back to
tell the Buddha and laid out everything as it has
The Buddha said, "The roots of your mother's
sins are deep and tenacious. It is not within your
power as a single individual to do anything about
it. Even though the fame of your filial devotion
moves heaven and earth, still spirits of heaven and
spirits of earth, harmful demons and masters of the
outer paths, monks and the four spirit kings of
heaven cannot do anything about it.
must rely on the mighty spiritual power of the
assembled monks of the ten directions in order to
obtain her deliverance.
I shall now preach for you the method of salvation,
so that all beings in trouble may leave sadness and
suffering, and the impediments caused by sin be
Buddha told Mu-lien, "On the fifteenth day of
the seventh month, when the assembled monks of the
ten directions release themselves, for the sake of
seven generations of ancestors, your current
parents, and those in distress, you should gather
food of the one hundred flavors and five kinds of
fruit, basins for washing and rinsing, incense, oil
lamps and candles, and mattresses and beđing;
take the sweetest, prettiest things in the world and
place them in a bowl and offer it to the assembled
monks, those of great virtue of the ten directions.
On this day, the entire assembly of saints - those
in the mountains practicing meditation and
concentration; those who have attained the fruit of
the four paths; those who practice pacing under
trees; those who use the six penetrations to be
free; those who convert others, hear preaching, and
awaken to causality; and the great men, those
bodhisattvas of the ten stages who provisionally
manifest the form of a bhiksu - all of those who are
part of the great assembly shall with one mind
receive the patra [bowl] of rice.
monk who] possesses fully the purity of the precepts
and the Way of the assembly of saints - his virtue
is vast indeed.
When you make offerings to these kinds of monks as
they release themselves, then your current parents,
seven generations of ancestors, and six kinds of
relatives will obtain release from suffering in the
three evil paths of rebirth; at that moment they
will be liberated and clothed and fed naturally.
one's parents are living, they will have one hundred
years of joy and happiness. If they are deceased,
then seven generations of ancestors will be reborn
in the heavens; born freely through transformation,
they will enter into the light of heavenly flowers
and receive unlimited joy."
Then the Buddha decreed that the assembled monks of
the ten directions should first chant prayers on
behalf of the family of the donor for seven
generations of ancestors, that they should practice
meditation and concentrate their thoughts, and that
they should then receive the food.
receiving the bowls, they should first place them in
front of the Buddha's stupa; when the assembled
monks have finished chanting prayers, they may then
individually partake of the food.
At this time the bhiksu Mu-lien and the assembly of
great bodhisattvas rejoiced. Mu-lien's sorrowful
tears ended and the sound of his crying died out.
on that very day, Mu-lien's mother gained release
from a kalpa of suffering as a hungry ghost.
Mu-lien told the Buddha, "The parents who gave
birth to me, your disciple, are able to receive the
power of the merit of the Three Jewels because of
the mighty spiritual power of the assembly of monks.
But all of the future disciples of the Buddha who
practice filial devotion, may they or may they not
also present yu-lan bowls as required to save their
parents as well as seven generations of
Buddha said, "Excellent! This question pleases
me very much. It is just what I would like to
preach, so listen well!
My good sons, if there are bhiksus, bhiksunis, kings
of states, princes, sons of kings, great ministers,
counselors, dignitaries of the three ranks, any
government officials, or the majority of common
people who practice filial compassion, then on
behalf of their current parents and the past seven
generations of ancestors, on the fifteenth day of
the seventh month, the day on which Buddhas rejoice,
the day on which monks release themselves, they must
all place food and drink of the one hundred flavors
inside the yu-lan bowl and donate it to monks of the
ten directions who are releasing themselves.
the prayers are finished, one's present parents will
attain long life, passing one hundred years without
sickness and without any of the torments of
suffering, while seven generations of ancestors will
leave the sufferings of hungry ghosthood, attaining
rebirth among gods and humans and blessings without
Buddha told all of the good sons and good daughters,
"Those disciples of the Buddha who practice
filial devotion must in every moment of
consciousness maintain the thought of their parents,
including seven generations of ancestors. Each year
on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, out of
filial devotion and compassionate consideration for
the parents who gave birth to them and for seven
generations of ancestors, they should always make a
yu-lan bowl and donate it to the Buddha and Sangha
to repay the kindness bestowed by parents in
nurturing and caring for them. All disciples of the
Buddha must carry out this law."
hearing what the Buddha preached, the bhiksu Mu-lien
and the four classes of disciples rejoiced and put
it into practice.